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  2. Saccharides and Glycosides

Saccharides and Glycosides

Saccharide is also called carbohydrate, consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with the empirical formula Cm(H2O)n. The saccharides are divided into four chemical groups: monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. Carbohydrates perform numerous roles in living organisms. Polysaccharides serve for the storage of energy (e.g. starch and glycogen) and as structural components. The 5-carbon monosaccharide ribose is an important component of coenzymes (e.g. ATP, FAD and NAD) and the backbone of the genetic molecule known as RNA. The related deoxyribose is a component of DNA. Saccharides and their derivatives include many other important biomolecules that play key roles in the immune system, fertilization, preventing pathogenesis, blood clotting, and development.

A glycoside is a molecule in which a sugar is bound to another functional group via a glycosidic bond. Glycosides play numerous important roles in living organisms. Many plants store chemicals in the form of inactive glycosides. These can be activated by enzyme hydrolysis, which causes the sugar part to be broken off, making the chemical available for use. Many such plant glycosides are used as medications. In animals and humans, poisons are often bound to sugar molecules as part of their elimination from the body.

Saccharides and Glycosides (124):

Cat. No. Product Name CAS No. Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-N0109
    Salidroside 10338-51-9 98.50%
    Salidroside 是一种脯氨酰内肽酶 (prolyl endopeptidase) 抑制剂。Salidroside 可通过激活 mTOR 信号缓解肿瘤恶病质小鼠模型中的恶病质症状。
    Salidroside
  • HY-B0633A
    Hyaluronic acid 9004-61-9
    Hyaluronic acid (来自玉米发酵) 是由二糖的重复单元组成的生物聚合物,应用领域广泛。
    Hyaluronic acid
  • HY-B0228
    Adenosine 58-61-7 99.84%
    Adenosine 通过β-N9-糖苷键与核糖分子(呋喃核糖)部分连接的腺嘌呤分子组成的核苷。
    Adenosine
  • HY-13005
    Fagomine 53185-12-9 >98.0%
    Fagomine 是一种温和的糖苷酶 (glycosidase) 抑制剂,Fagomine 作用于 Amyloglucosidase (A.niger),β-Glucosidase (bovine) 和 Isomaltase (yeast),Ki 分别为 4.8 μM,39 μM 和 70 μM。
    Fagomine
  • HY-N4000
    Digitonin 11024-24-1
    Digitonin是从洋地黄中提取的糖苷,可通过与胆固醇分子结合来增加细胞膜的通透性,并能抑制肿瘤生长。
    Digitonin
  • HY-B1511
    cAMP 60-92-4 >98.0%
    cAMP 是有丝分裂信使,在细胞周期中能够促进 G1 期到 S 期的过程。
    cAMP
  • HY-B0389
    Dextrose 50-99-7 >98.0%
    Dextrose(D-glucose)是重要的单糖。
    Dextrose
  • HY-N0937
    Astragalus polysaccharide >98.0%
    Astragalus polysaccharide 是黄芪多糖提取物中的活性成分,能够激活 3T3-L1 脂肪细胞中的 PPAR-γPI3K/Akt
    Astragalus polysaccharide
  • HY-B0089
    Acarbose 56180-94-0 >98.0%
    Acarbose 是α葡萄糖苷酶抑制剂,具有抗糖尿病的作用。
    Acarbose
  • HY-N0527
    Pentagalloylglucose 14937-32-7 99.04%
    Pentagalloylglucose (Penta-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose) 存在于多种植物中,具有重要的药理作用。
    Pentagalloylglucose
  • HY-B2144
    Chitosan 9012-76-4
    Chitosan是衍生自壳多糖的天然聚阳离子线性多糖。
    Chitosan
  • HY-N0210
    D-Galactose 59-23-4 >98.0%
    D-Galactose是天然的己糖,是葡萄糖的C-4差向异构体。
    D-Galactose
  • HY-N2021A
    Phosphoramidon Disodium 164204-38-0 >98.0%
    Phosphoramidon Disodium 是金属蛋白酶 (metalloprotease) 抑制剂 。抑制内皮素转化酶 (ECE) ,中性肽内切酶 (NEP) 和血管紧张素转换酶 (ACE) 的IC50 值分别为 3.5 ,0.034 和 78 μM。
    Phosphoramidon Disodium
  • HY-N0652
    2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene 2-O-β-D-glucoside 82373-94-2 98.72%
    2,3,4',5-tetrahydroxystilbene 2-O-D-glucoside是从蓼属植物物种的根里分离出来的,能够抑制5-HETE, HHT and thromboxane B2的形成。
    2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene 2-O-β-D-glucoside
  • HY-107383
    Tetrahydrobiopterin 17528-72-2 98.63%
    Tetrahydrobiopterin 是芳香族氨基酸羟化酶的辅因子, 也是一氧化氮合酶 (NOS) 的必需辅因子。
    Tetrahydrobiopterin
  • HY-N0029
    Forsythoside B 81525-13-5 99.99%
    Forsythoside B是传统中药植物独一味的叶子中分离的苯乙醇苷。独一味可用于治疗炎症疾病和促进血液循环。Forsythoside B 可抑制 TNF-alphaIL-6IκB, 调节 NF-κB
    Forsythoside B
  • HY-A0068
    Aurothioglucose 12192-57-3
    Aurothioglucose (Gold thioglucose) 是众所周知的TrxR1活性位点抑制剂,它能抑制hela细胞中的 TrxR1活性同时对细胞活性无影响。
    Aurothioglucose
  • HY-17563
    2'-Deoxyguanosine 961-07-9 99.71%
    2'-Deoxyguanosine (Deoxyguanosine) 即脱氧鸟苷。
    2'-Deoxyguanosine
  • HY-100597
    Saponins 8047-15-2 >98.0%
    Saponins 是一类多发现于多种植物中苷类的化合物。Saponins 可保护植物免受微生物和真菌的破坏。
    Saponins
  • HY-B1779
    Sucrose 57-50-1 >98.0%
    Sucrose 是由两种单糖,葡萄糖和果糖组成的二糖。
    Sucrose