1. Epigenetics
    PI3K/Akt/mTOR
    Autophagy
    Stem Cell/Wnt
    Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  2. AMPK
    Autophagy
    YAP
    Mitophagy
    Endogenous Metabolite
  3. AICAR

AICAR (Synonyms: 阿卡地新; Acadesine; AICA Riboside)

目录号: HY-13417 纯度: 99.71%
产品使用指南

AICAR (Acadesine) 是一种腺苷类似物,也是一种 AMPK 激活剂。AICAR 调节葡萄糖和脂质的代谢,并抑制促炎细胞因子和 iNOS 的产生。AICAR 也是一种自噬 (autophagy),YAPmitophagy 抑制剂。

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AICAR Chemical Structure <

AICAR Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 2627-69-2

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Top Publications Citing Use of Products

MCE 顾客使用本产品发表的 67 篇科研文献

    AICAR purchased from MCE. Usage Cited in: Front Pharmacol. 2018 Apr 16;9:345.

    AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation by AST blunts dysfunction of lipid metabolism and resistance in HepG2 cells. Representative bands of SREBP-1c nuclear protein and cytoplasmic proteins are visualized in the immunoblotting assay.

    AICAR purchased from MCE. Usage Cited in: Front Pharmacol. 2018 Apr 16;9:345.

    AMP-activated protein kinase activation by AST inhibits the expression of sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c) and SREBP-1c related genes. AST promotes AMPKa1 mRNA expression, AMPKa2 mRNA expression, and suppresses the expression of SREBP-1c, and its downstream genes FAS, ACC1, and also AMPK downstream gene SCD1.

    AICAR purchased from MCE. Usage Cited in: Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai). 2018 Feb 1;50(2):144-155.

    Raw264.7 macrophages with serum deprivation are treated with 50 μM Rg1 for 48 h in absence or presence of compound C (10 mM) or AICAR (250 μM). Western blots of the protein expressions of Atg5, Beclin1, LC3, and p62/SQSMT1.

    AICAR purchased from MCE. Usage Cited in: Cell Death Dis. 2018 May 1;9(5):515.

    Protein expression levels of AMPKα, p-AMPKα-thr172, p-ACC-ser79, LC3, Beclin-1, ATG5 and ATG7 in WT MSCs or control CrispCas MSCs, or AMPKα DKO MSCs before and after treatment with FAC or AICAR.

    AICAR purchased from MCE. Usage Cited in: J Cell Physiol. 2018 Dec;233(12):9701-9715.

    HUVECs are pretreated with Compound C (5, 10, or 20 μM) for 18 hr or AICAR (1, 2, or 4 mM) for 1 hr, and then exposed to LSS for 30 min.

    AICAR purchased from MCE. Usage Cited in: Front Pharmacol. 2018 Jul 16;9:761.

    Epithelial cells from colon tissue are extracted from mice in each group (n=6-8 per group) and protein level of p-AMPK (Thr172) and AMPKα1/2 are measured by western blot.

    AICAR purchased from MCE. Usage Cited in: Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis. 2018 Nov;1864(11):3723-3738.

    The effect of AICAR on the expression of AMPK, p-AMPK, mTOR, p-mTOR, and autophagy-related protein by Western blot analysis.

    AICAR purchased from MCE. Usage Cited in: Int J Mol Med. 2018 May;41(5):2535-2544.

    Cells are treated with AICAR and AICAR (A++, 10 μM) + Compound C (C++, 1 μM) for 24 h, after which western blot analysis is performed.

    AICAR purchased from MCE. Usage Cited in: Int J Mol Med. 2018 May;41(5):2535-2544.

    MC3T3-E1 cells are treated with AICAR (10 μM) in the presence or absence of 3-MA (5 mM) or CQ (10 μM) for 24 h, after which western blot analysis is conducted.
    • 生物活性

    • 实验参考方法

    • 纯度 & 产品资料

    • 参考文献

    生物活性

    AICAR (Acadesine) is an adenosine analog and a AMPK activator. AICAR regulates the glucose and lipid metabolism, and inhibits proinflammatory cytokines and iNOS production. AICAR is also an autophagy, YAP and mitophagy inhibitor[1][2].

    IC50 & Target[1]

    AMPK

     

    Human Endogenous Metabolite

     

    Autophagy

     

    Mitophagy

     

    体外研究
    (In Vitro)

    HepG2 cells are treated with various concentrations of AICAR (0.1-1.0 mM) for 12, 24, and 48 h, respectively. The expression level of IR-β significantly decreases with 0.25, 0.5, and 1.0 mM of AICAR at 48 h to 50%, 53%, and 46% of the control, respectively[1].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    体内研究
    (In Vivo)

    Fourteen-week-old male, lean (L; 31.3 g body wt) wild-type andob/ob (O; 59.6 g body wt) mice are injected with the AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) activator AICAR (A) at 0.5 mg/g per day or saline control (C) for 14 days. At 24 h after the last injection (including a 12-h fast), all mice are killed, and the plantar flexor complex muscle (gastrocnemius, soleus, and plantaris) is excised for analysis. Muscle mass is lower in OC (159±12 mg) than LC, LA, and OA (176±10, 178±9, and 166±16 mg, respectively) mice, independent of a body weight change[3]. The kidney weight is significantly higher in the untreated group when compared with both the exercise and AICAR (0.5 mg/g body wt) groups. The heart weight is higher in the exercise group than in the other groups, whereas the liver weight is significantly higher in the AICAR-treated group when compared with the exercise and untreated groups[4].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Clinical Trial
    分子量

    258.23

    Formula

    C9H14N4O5

    CAS 号
    中文名称

    阿卡地新

    运输条件

    Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

    储存方式
    Powder -20°C 3 years
    4°C 2 years
    In solvent -80°C 6 months
    -20°C 1 month
    溶解性数据
    In Vitro: 

    DMSO : 125 mg/mL (484.06 mM; ultrasonic and warming and heat to 60°C)

    H2O : 65 mg/mL (251.71 mM; Need ultrasonic and warming)

    配制储备液
    浓度 溶剂体积 质量 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
    1 mM 3.8725 mL 19.3626 mL 38.7252 mL
    5 mM 0.7745 mL 3.8725 mL 7.7450 mL
    10 mM 0.3873 mL 1.9363 mL 3.8725 mL
    *

    请根据产品在不同溶剂中的溶解度选择合适的溶剂配制储备液;一旦配成溶液,请分装保存,避免反复冻融造成的产品失效
    储备液的保存方式和期限:-80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month。-80°C 储存时,请在 6 个月内使用,-20°C 储存时,请在 1 个月内使用。

    In Vivo:

    请根据您的实验动物和给药方式选择适当的溶解方案。以下溶解方案都请先按照 In Vitro 方式配制澄清的储备液,再依次添加助溶剂:

    ——为保证实验结果的可靠性,澄清的储备液可以根据储存条件,适当保存;体内实验的工作液,建议您现用现配,当天使用; 以下溶剂前显示的百
    分比是指该溶剂在您配制终溶液中的体积占比;如在配制过程中出现沉淀、析出现象,可以通过加热和/或超声的方式助溶

    • 1.

      请依序添加每种溶剂: PBS

      Solubility: 110 mg/mL (425.98 mM); Clear solution; Need ultrasonic

    • 2.

      请依序添加每种溶剂: 10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

      Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (8.05 mM); Clear solution

      此方案可获得 ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (8.05 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液。

      以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 20.8 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 400 μL PEG300 中,混合均匀;向上述体系中加入50 μL Tween-80,混合均匀;然后继续加入 450 μL生理盐水定容至 1 mL。

      将 0.9 g 氯化钠,完全溶解于 100 mL ddH₂O 中,得到澄清透明的生理盐水溶液
    • 3.

      请依序添加每种溶剂: 10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

      Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (8.05 mM); Clear solution

      此方案可获得 ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (8.05 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液。

      以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 20.8 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 900 μL 20% 的 SBE-β-CD 生理盐水水溶液中,混合均匀。

      将 2 g 磺丁基醚 β-环糊精加入 5 mL 生理盐水中,再用生理盐水定容至 10 mL,完全溶解,澄清透明
    • 4.

      请依序添加每种溶剂: 10% DMSO    90% corn oil

      Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (8.05 mM); Clear solution

      此方案可获得 ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (8.05 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液,此方案不适用于实验周期在半个月以上的实验。

      以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 20.8 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 900 μL玉米油中,混合均匀。

    *以上所有助溶剂都可在 MCE 网站选购。
    参考文献
    Cell Assay
    [1]

    HepG2 cells (5×105 cells) are plated in 6-well culture plate dishes and then are incubated in the serum-free media for 12 h before transfection. One microgram of plasmid is transfected with FuGENE6 Transfection Reagent. After 5 h of transfection, the culture media are removed and then media supplemented with or without AICAR (0.1-1.0 mM) are added to each well. The stimulation media are changed every 24 h[1].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Animal Administration
    [2][3]

    Mice[2]
    Fourteen-week-old lean (Lepob/+ or Lepob/+) and ob/ob (Lepob/Lepob) male mice are uesd. After the 14-day experimental treatment (24 h after AICAR injection, including a 12-h fast), the plantar flexor complex muscle is cleanly (tendon-to-tendon) excised from an anesthetized mouse. The muscle is quickly weighed and then processed for histology or frozen in liquid nitrogen and stored at -80°C. The anesthetized mice are killed by transection of the diaphragm and removal of the entire heart, after blood collection via needle puncture directly into the heart. AICAR or saline (control) is injected subcutaneously into the lateral distal portion of the back. AICAR is administered at 0.5 mg/g per day one time for 14 days. Saline (control) is injected in volumes identical to those used for AICAR treatment in a manner identical to that of AICAR treatment. Body weight is measured prior to death.
    Rats[3]
    Male 5-week-old ZDF rats are either subcutaneously injected with a single dose of AICAR (0.5 mg/g body wt) or underwent a single bout of treadmill running (60 min, speed of 25 m/min at a 5% incline). Untreated ZDF rats serve as controls (n=5 in each group). One hour after the subcutaneous AICAR injection or immediately after treadmill running, rats are killed by cervical dislocation. To avoid any effect of muscle spasm and hypoxia, red and white gastrocnemius muscles are removed within seconds and immediately freeze clamped for later determination of AMPK activity.

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    参考文献

    纯度: 99.92%

    • 摩尔计算器

    • 稀释计算器

    The molarity calculator equation

    Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

    质量   浓度   体积   分子量 *
    = × ×

    The dilution calculator equation

    Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

    This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

    浓度 (start) × 体积 (start) = 浓度 (final) × 体积 (final)
    × = ×
    C1   V1   C2   V2

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    产品名称:
    AICAR
    目录号:
    HY-13417
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