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  2. H3P4 - H3 histone pseudogene 4 Gene

H3P4 - H3 histone pseudogene 4 Gene

中文名称:H3 组蛋白假基因 4

种属: Homo sapiens

同用名: p05; HIST2H3DP1

基因 ID: 106479023 | 基因类型: pseudo

关于 H3P4

功能概要

组蛋白是负责真核生物染色体纤维核小体结构的基本核蛋白。四个核心组蛋白 (H2A、H2B、H3 和 H4) 中的每一个的两个分子形成一个八聚体,大约 146 bp 的 DNA 被包裹在称为核小体的重复单元中。接头组蛋白 H1 与核小体之间的接头 DNA 相互作用,并在将染色质压缩成更高级结构中发挥作用。该基因是在 1 号染色体上发现的转录组蛋白假基因。[RefSeq 提供,2019 年 3 月]

Histones are basic nuclear proteins responsible for nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Two molecules of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4) form an octamer, around which approximately 146 bp of DNA is wrapped in repeating units, called nucleosomes. The linker histone, H1, interacts with linker DNA between nucleosomes and functions in the compaction of chromatin into higher order structures. This gene is a transcribed histone pseudogene found on chromosome 1. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2019]