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  3. Amphotericin B trihydrate

Amphotericin B trihydrate 

目录号: HY-B0221A
产品使用指南

Amphotericin B trihydrate 是一种多烯抗生素,最初是从 Streptomyces nodosus 发酵菌种分离出来,具有抗利什曼虫的活性。

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Amphotericin B trihydrate Chemical Structure

Amphotericin B trihydrate Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 1202017-46-6

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Description

Amphotericin B trihydrate, a polyene antibiotic, is first isolated from fermenter cultures of Streptomyces nodosus. Amphotericin B trihydrate also possesses antileishmanial activity[1][2].

In Vitro

Amphotericin B interacts with cholesterol, the major sterol of mammal membranes, thus limiting the usefulness of Amphotericin B due to its relatively high toxicity. Amphotericin B is dispersed as a pre-micellar or as a highly aggregated state in the subphase[4]. Amphotericin B only kills unicellular Leishmania promastigotes (LPs) when aqueous pores permeable to small cations and anions are formed. Amphotericin B (0.1 mM) induces a polarization potential, indicating K+ leakage in KCl-loaded liposomes suspended in an iso-osmotic sucrose solution. Amphotericin B (0.05 mM) exhibits a nearly total collapse of the negative membrane potential, indicating Na+ entry into the cells[3].

In Vivo

Amphotericin B results in prolonging the incubation time and decreasing PrPSc accumulation in the hamster scrapie model. Amphotericin B markedly reduces PrPSc levels in mice with transmissible subacute spongiform encephalopathies (TSSE)[4]. Amphotericin B exerts a direct effect on Plasmodium falciparum and influences eryptosis of infected erythrocytes, parasitemia and hostsurvival in murine malaria. Amphotericin B tends to delay the increase of parasitemia and significantly delays host death plasmodium berghei-infected mice[5].

Molecular Weight

978.12

Formula

C₄₇H₇₉NO₂₀

CAS No.

1202017-46-6

中文名称

两性霉素B三水合物

SMILES

C[C@H]([C@@H](O)[C@@H](C)[C@H](C)OC1=O)/C=C/C=C/C=C/C=C/C=C/C=C/C=C/[C@H](O[C@]2([H])O[C@H](C)[C@@H](O)[C@H](N)[C@@H]2O)C[C@@]3([H])[C@H](C(O)=O)[C@@H](O)C[C@](C[C@@H](O)C[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)CC[C@@H](O)C[C@@H](O)C1)(O)O3.[H]O[H].[H]O[H].[H]O[H]

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage

Please store the product under the recommended conditions in the Certificate of Analysis.

References
  • 摩尔计算器

  • 稀释计算器

The molarity calculator equation

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

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The dilution calculator equation

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)
× = ×
C1   V1   C2   V2

Keywords:

Amphotericin BAntibioticFungalInhibitorinhibitorinhibit

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