8-Azaadenosine is a potent ADAR1 (adenosine deaminases acting on double-stranded RNA) inhibitor. 8-Azaadenosine reduces A-to-I editing activity in a leukemia cell line, restores let-7 and inhibits leukemia stemcells self-renewal in vitro.
Peonidin chloride is an O-methylated anthocyanidin that functions as a primary plant pigment, endowing purplish-red hues to flowers such as the peony, from which it takes its name, as well as berries and vegetables. Peonidin chloride exhibits chemopreventive, as well as anti-inflammatory activities on cancercells in vitro, blocking COX-2 expression and transformation in JB6 P+ mouse epidermal cells.
BA 1 TFA is a potent bombesin receptor agonist (IC50 values are 0.26, 1.55 and 2.52 nM for BB1, BB2 and BB3 respectively). BA 1 TFA enhances glucose transport in obese and diabetic primary myocytes. BA 1 TFA also stimulates NCI-H1299 lung cancercell proliferation in vitro.
BA 1 is a potent bombesin receptor agonist (IC50 values are 0.26, 1.55 and 2.52 nM for BB1, BB2 and BB3 respectively). BA 1 enhances glucose transport in obese and diabetic primary myocytes. BA 1 also stimulates NCI-H1299 lung cancercell proliferation in vitro.
Defensin HNP-1 human is a Human neutrophil peptides (HNPs), involved in endothelial cell dysfunction at the time of early atherosclerotic development.Defensin HNP-1 human can regulate the growth of atherosclerosis.
Dimethomorph is a morpholine fungicide that inhibits fungal cell wall formation. Dimethomorph inhibits mycelial growth of the oomycete fungiP. citrophthora, P. parasitica, P. capsici, and P. infestans (EC50s=0.14 µg/mL, 0.38 µg/mL, <0.1 µg/mL, and 0.16-0.3 µg/mL, respectively) but is less active against the green algae species C. vulgaris or S. obliquus in vitro (EC50s=47.46 µg/mL and 44.87 µg/mL, respectively). Dimethomorph inhibits androgen receptor (AR) activity in a reporter assay in MDA-kb2 human breast cancercells but not in a yeast antiandrogen screen (IC20s=0.263 µM and 38.5 µM, respectively).
N1,N12-Diacetylspermine dihydrochloride is a diacetylated derivative of spermine. Upregulation of N1,N12-Diacetylspermine dihydrochloride has been linked to the incidence of cancer, making it to be a potential biomarker for cancer detection.
Cinnamycin is tetracyclic lantibiotic produced from S. cinnamoneus that contains four unusual amino acids: erythro-β-hydroxyaspartic acid, mesolanthionine, threo-β-methyllanthionine, and lysinoalanine.1 Cinnamycin has demonstrated antiviral activity against herpes simplex virus type 1 KOS strain infection in Vero cells via a cytopathic effect reduction assay. Cinnamycin recognizes the structure of phosphatidylethanolamine and forms an equimolar complex with the phospholipid on biological membranes. This peptide has been used as a probe for analyzing the transbilayer movement of phosphatidylethanolamine.
N-Heptanoyl-L-homoserine lactone is a member of N-acyl-homoserine lactone family. N-acyl-homoserine lactones (AHL) regulate gene expression in gram-negative bacteria, such as Echerichia and Salmonella, and are involved in quorum sensing, cell to cell communication among bacteria.
G-Protein antagonist peptide is the substance P-related peptide that inhibits binding of G proteins to their receptors. G-Protein antagonist peptide competitively and reversibly inhibits M2 muscarinic receptor activation of Gi or Go and inhibits Gs activation by β-adrenoceptors.
AC 253 is an Amylin (AMY3) receptor antagonist, inhibiting andrenomedulin-stimulated cAMP production. AC 253 protects against oligomeric Aβ-induced increase in intracellular Ca2+, activation of PKA, MAPK, Akt and cFOS and cell death in neuronal cell culture. AC 253 blocks electrophysiological effects of Aβ.
G-Protein antagonist peptide TFA is the substance P-related peptide that inhibits binding of G proteins to their receptors. G-Protein antagonist peptide TFA competitively and reversibly inhibits M2 muscarinic receptor activation of Gi or Go and inhibits Gs activation by β-adrenoceptors.
NADA-green, a fluorescent D-amino acid, suitable for labeling peptidoglycans in live bacteria. NADA-green is incorporated into bacterial cell walls during synthesis. NADA-green results in strong peripheral and septal labeling of taxonomically diverse bacterial cell populations without affecting growth rate. Excitation/emission λ ~450/555 nm.
Atrial natriuretic factor (1-28) (human, porcine) (Atrial natriuretic peptide (1-28)) is an endogenous peptide produced by the heart, involved in blood pressure regulation. Atrial natriuretic factor (1-28) (human, porcine) produces natriuresis, diuresis and vasorelaxation in vivo.
12(S)-HETE D8 contains eight deuterium atoms at the 5, 6, 8, 9, 11, 12, 14 and 15 positions. It is intended for use as an internal standard for the quantification of 12(S)-HETE by GC- or LC-mass spectrometry (MS). 12(S)-HETE D8 is the predominant lipoxygenase product of mammalian platelets. It enhances tumor cell adhesion to endothelial cells, fibronectin, and the subendothelial matrix at 0.1 µM.
Prochloraz is an imidazole antifungal that inhibits ergosterol biosynthesis via inhibition of the cytochrome P450-dependent 14α-demethylation of lanosterol, which results in disruption of the fungal cell membrane and cell death. Prochloraz inhibits human placenta microsomal aromatase in vitro (IC50 = 40 nM). Prochloraz also acts as an antagonist of the estrogen receptor (ER) and androgen receptor (AR) (IC50s = 25 μM and 4 μM, respectively) as well as activates the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR; EC50 = 1 μM).
Crotonoside is isolated from Chinese medicinal herb, Croton. Crotonoside inhibits FLT3 and HDAC3/6, exhibits selective inhibition in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells. Crotonoside could be a promising new lead compound for the treatment of AML.
Difenoconazole is a broad-spectrum triazole fungicide that inhibits ergosterol biosynthesis via inhibition of the cytochrome P450-dependent 14α-demethylation of lanosterol, which results in disruption of the fungal cell membrane and cell death. Difenoconazole inhibits the growth of F. graminearum isolates in vitro (EC50s = 1.69-19.6 mg/L for mycelial growth). Difenoconazole also inhibits growth of A. sonali, F. fulva, B. cinerea, and R. solani (EC50s = 0.131 mg/L, 0.069 mg/L, 0.297 mg/L, and 0.252 mg/L, respectively).
N-Tetradecanoyl-L-homoserine lactone is a major chemical modulators of within and between cell communication and regulation. N-Tetradecanoyl-L-homoserine lactone can be used for the study of quorum sensing in vitro.
RFRP-3 TFA efficiently inhibits forskolin-induced production of cAMP with an IC50 of 0.7 nM.
Scatchard-plot analysis shows that 125I-labelled hRFRP-3 has a single class of high-affinity binding sites for the membrane fractions of CHO cells expressing rat OT7T022, the Kd value and the Bmax values are 0.19 nM and 1.3 pM, respectively.RFRP-3 TFA specifically stimulate cells transfected with a new orphan 7TMR, OT7T022, it binds to OT7T022 as a specific ligand with high affinity (Kd= 0.19 nM).RFRP-3 (10-8 to 10-14M) has no effect on LH and FSH levels alone, but when it combines with GnRH, LH and FSH secretion is significantly reduced by the combination.
Triprolidine hydrochloride monohydrate is an orally active, cell-permeable and first-generation histamine H1 antagonist. Triprolidine hydrochloride monohydrate is an antihistamine and can be used in allergic rhinitis; asthma; and urticaria.
Laurdan is a membrane-permeable fluorescent probe that displays spectral sensitivity to the phospholipid phase of the cell membrane to which it is bound. Quantitation of generalized polarization (GP) of Laurdan can be used to identify phospholipid phase.
Ganoderic acid D 是一种高度氧化的四环三萜类化合物 (tetracyclic triterpenoid)，是灵芝 (Ganoderma lucidum) 的主要活性成分。Ganoderic acid D 上调 SIRT3 的蛋白质表达并通过 SIRT3 诱导脱乙酰化的亲环蛋白 D (CypD)。Ganoderic acid D 抑制结肠癌细胞的能量重编程，包括结肠癌细胞中的葡萄糖摄取，乳酸产生，丙酮酸和乙酰辅酶的产生。Ganoderic acid D 诱导 HeLa 人宫颈癌细胞凋亡 (apoptosis)。
Chrysomycin B is an antibiotic isolated from a strain of Streptomyces. Chrysomycin B causes DNA damage in the human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cell line and inhibits topoisomerase II. Chrysomycin B suppresses the growth of transplantable tumors in mice.
Azoxystrobin is a broad-spectrum β-methoxyacrylate fungicide. Azoxystrobin inhibits mitochondrial respiration by binding to the Qo site of the cytochrome bc1 complex and inhibiting electron transfer. Azoxystrobin induces the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and induces cellapoptosis.
Pimaric acid is a resin acid that has been found in A. cordata and various pines. Pimaric acid reduces mRNA expression, protein levels, and promoter activity of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in TNF-α-stimulated human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMCs).
Phenazine methylsulfate is a free radical generator. Phenazine methylsulfate has been used as an electron transfer reactant in cell viability assays. Phenazine methylsulfate induces ssDNA break formation in the presence of the reducing agent NADPH. Phenazine methylsulfate induces oxidative DNA damage in an alkaline comet assay and apoptosis.
Herbimycin A, an ansamycin antibiotic, acts as a Src family kinase inhibitor. Herbimycin A binds to the SH domain and inhibits the activity of p60 v-src and p210 BCR-ABL. Herbimycin A inhibits Hsp90 and impairs recovery from heat shock. Herbimycin A exhibits antiangiogenic activity in endothelial cells in vitro.
Petunidin chloride is an O-methylated anthocyanidin derived from delphinidin that imparts blue-red pigments to flowers, fruits, and red wine. Petunidin chloride binds with and suppresses the activity of focal adhesion kinase and to inhibit platelet-derived growth factor-induced aortic smooth muscle cell migration, which may confer a protective effect against atherosclerosis.
Leukotriene C4 is the parent cysteinyl leukotriene produced by the LTC4 synthase catalyzed conjugation of glutathione to LTA4. Leukotriene C4 is produced by neutrophils, macrophages, mast cells, and by transcellular metabolism in platelets. Leukotriene C4 is one of the constituents of slow-reacting substance of anaphylaxis (SRS-A) and exhibits potent smooth muscle contracting activity.
4-Hydroperoxy cyclophosphamide is the active metabolite form of the prodrug Cyclophosphamide. 4-Hydroperoxy cyclophosphamide crosslinks DNA and induces T cellapoptosis independent of death receptor activation, but activates mitochondrial death pathways through production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). 4-Hydroperoxy cyclophosphamide is used to treat lymphomas and autoimmune disorders.
Cardiogenol C hydrochloride 是一种有效的细胞渗透性嘧啶诱导剂，可促使 ESCs 分化为心肌细胞 (ESCs differentiation into cardiomyocytes) (EC50=100 nM)。Cardiogenol C hydrochloride 还可以在有限的可塑性范围内对已经沿袭的祖细胞类型产生心肌生成效应。Cardiogenol C hydrochloride 是一种有用的心肌生成试剂，在动物模型中可以用作细胞移植研究中提高心脏修复的工具。
Gramicidin A is a peptide component of gramicidin, an antibiotic mixture originally isolated from B. brevis. Gramicidin A is a highly hydrophobic channel-forming ionophore that forms channels in model membranes that are permeable to monovalent cations. Gramicidin A induces degradation of hypoxia inducible factor 1 α (HIF-1α).
Propiconazole is a broad-spectrum triazole fungicide that inhibits the conversion of lanosterol to ergosterol, leading to fungal cell membrane disruption. Propiconazole inhibits S. cerevisiae, but not rat liver, microsomal cytochrome P450 (IC50s = 0.04 µM and >200 µM, respectively). Propiconazole inhibits the growth of T. deformans and R. stolonifer (ED50s = 0.073 µg/mL and 4.6 µg/mL respectively). Propiconazole increases production of reactive oxygen species (ROS).