1. Anti-infection Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
  2. Parasite Antifolate
  3. Proguanil hydrochloride

Proguanil hydrochloride  (Synonyms: 盐酸氯胍)

目录号: HY-B0806A

Proguanil hydrochloride是一种抗疟前体,被代谢为活性代谢物环鸟苷 (HY-12784)。Proguanil hydrochloride是一种二氢叶酸还原酶 (DHFR) 抑制剂。

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Proguanil hydrochloride Chemical Structure

Proguanil hydrochloride Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 637-32-1

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Proguanil hydrochloride 的其他形式现货产品:

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Proguanil hydrochloride, an antimalarial proagent, is metabolized to the active metabolite Cycloguanil (HY-12784). Proguanil hydrochloride is a dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) inhibitor[1][2].

IC50 & Target



(In Vitro)

Proguanil per se has only weak antimalarial activity in vitro (IC50=2.4-19 μM), and its effectiveness depends on the active metabolite Cycloguanil (IC50=0.5-2.5 nM). The Cycloguanil is a dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) inhibitor. The combination of Atovaquone and Proguanil is synergistic in vitro. Both drugs also have activity against gametocytes and pre-erythrocytic (hepatic) stages of malaria parasites[1].
Proguanil acts as a biguanide rather than as its metabolite Cycloguanil (a parasite dihydrofolate reductase [DHFR] inhibitor) to enhance the Atovaquone effect. Proguanil-mediated enhancement is specific for Atovaquone, since the effects of other mitochondrial electron transport inhibitors, such as Myxothiazole and Antimycin, are not altered by inclusion of Proguanil[2].
5-HT3 receptor responses are reversibly inhibited by Proguanil, the metabolite 4-chlorophenyl-1-biguanide (CPB) and the active metabolite Cycloguanil (CG), with an IC50 of 1.81, 1.48 and 4.36 μM, respectively[3].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

(In Vivo)

Proguanil (p.o.; 2.9 mg/kg body weight; daily for 5 days and 6 weeks respectively) shows mild degenerative changes for five days, while shows severe degenerative changes for six weeks in wistar strain albino rats[4].
Serum testosterone level is significantly decreased for proguanil treatment rats[4].
Administration of Malarone (Atovaquone and Proguanil) to experimentally B. gibsoni infected two dogs in chronic stage and three dogs in acute stage results in decrease in parasitemia, and clinical improvements are observed[5].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Clinical Trial







Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.


Please store the product under the recommended conditions in the Certificate of Analysis.

纯度 & 产品资料

Proguanil hydrochloride 相关分类

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The molarity calculator equation

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

质量   浓度   体积   分子量 *
= × ×

The dilution calculator equation

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

浓度 (start) × 体积 (start) = 浓度 (final) × 体积 (final)
× = ×
C1   V1   C2   V2
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  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.


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