1. GPCR/G Protein
    Neuronal Signaling
  2. Dopamine Receptor
  3. Pridopidine

Pridopidine (Synonyms: ACR16; ASP2314; FR310826)

目录号: HY-10684 纯度: 99.77%
产品使用指南

Pridopidine 是一种多巴胺 (DA) 稳定剂,可用作一种低亲和力的多巴胺 D2 受体 (D2R) 拮抗剂。Pridopidine 高亲和力作用于 sigma 1受体 (S1R),Ki 值为 70 到 80 nM,比其对 D2R 的亲和力高约 100 倍。

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Pridopidine Chemical Structure

Pridopidine Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 346688-38-8

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10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO ¥1393
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2 mg ¥900
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5 mg ¥1400
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10 mg ¥2400
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25 mg ¥5400
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50 mg ¥9500
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Top Publications Citing Use of Products
  • 生物活性

  • 实验参考方法

  • 纯度 & 产品资料

  • 参考文献

生物活性

Pridopidine, a dopamine (DA) stabilizer, acts as a low affinity dopamine D2 receptor (D2R) antagonist. Pridopidine exerts high affinity towards sigma 1 receptor (S1R) with Ki between 70 and 80 nM, which is ~100× higher than its affinity toward D2R.

IC50 & Target

Ki: 70-80 nM (sigma 1 receptor)[1]
Dopamine[1]
Dopamine D2 receptor[1]

体外研究
(In Vitro)

Pridopidine, a dopamine (DA) stabilizer, Pridopidine may be a neuromodulatory agent with neuroprotective properties in Huntington disease (HD). To clarify the neuroprotective efficacy of Pridopidine and to explore the potential underling molecular mechanism, the ability of Pridopidine is evaluated to protect cells from apoptosis and to eventually activate pro-survival targets. Administration of Pridopidine (150 μM), the most effective dose, significantly reduces apoptosis in immortalized striatal knock-in cells expressing endogenous levels of mutant Htt (STHdh111/111) and markedly enhances phosphorylation state of prosurvival kinase ERK[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

体内研究
(In Vivo)

Pridopidine is known to act as a low affinity D2R antagonist. Pridopidine’s activity may be attributed to binding the sigma 1 receptor (S1R), an endoplasmic reticulum (ER). To strengthen the hypothesis that the BDNF pathway is upregulated due to activation of the S1R, SD rats are treated with lower doses of Pridopidine (range 0.3-60 mg/kg), and analysed the expression of seven selected genes in the BDNF pathway by qPCR. Pridopidine doses of 3 and 15 mg/kg in rats occupy 57±2% and 85±2% of S1R, respectively, and both do not show occupancy of the D2R, as determined by in vivo PET imaging. The significant occupancy proportion of the D2R (44-66%) is observed only at a dose of 60 mg/kg. This PET study supports the conclusion that the upregulation of genes in rats treated with 15 mg/kg Pridopidine are a result of specific activation of the S1R. At 30 mg/kg, partial/low occupancy of the D2R is at levels of 22-33% (assuming linearity), and S1R is saturated. Indeed, qPCR analysis reveals that the upregulation of EGR1 (already up at 3 mg/kg), EGR2, HOMER1A, KLF5, and ARC expression are upregulated at the low 15 mg/kg dose and expression of CDNK1A and CEBPB are significantly upregulated from a low dose of 30 mg/kg (CEBPB is significantly increased at 3 mg/kg but not at 15 mg/kg)[1]. To further confirm the beneficial effect of Pridopidine on HD motor phenotype and to elucidate whether Pridopidine may act also as neuroprotective agent, preclinical studies in R6/2 mice have been undertaken. Daily administration of Pridopidine at a dose of 5 mg/kg, the most effective dose with no adverse effects, starting at the pre-symptomatic stage at 5 weeks for 6 weeks, significantly preserves motor function and prevents the progressive and dramatic motor worsening commonly observed in R6/2 mice. The beneficial effects of Pridopidine are maintained for about 4 weeks, after which mice show a slight worsening in performing both the horizontal ladder task and the open field. In addition, according to a Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis, Pridopidine efficiently extends lifespan in the same mice[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Clinical Trial
分子量

281.41

Formula

C15H23NO2S

CAS 号
运输条件

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

储存方式
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
-20°C 1 month
溶解性数据
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 100 mg/mL (355.35 mM; Need ultrasonic)

配制储备液
浓度 溶剂体积 质量 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 3.5535 mL 17.7677 mL 35.5353 mL
5 mM 0.7107 mL 3.5535 mL 7.1071 mL
10 mM 0.3554 mL 1.7768 mL 3.5535 mL
*

请根据产品在不同溶剂中的溶解度选择合适的溶剂配制储备液;一旦配成溶液,请分装保存,避免反复冻融造成的产品失效
储备液的保存方式和期限:-80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month。-80°C 储存时,请在 6 个月内使用,-20°C 储存时,请在 1 个月内使用。

In Vivo:

请根据您的实验动物和给药方式选择适当的溶解方案。以下溶解方案都请先按照 In Vitro 方式配制澄清的储备液,再依次添加助溶剂:

——为保证实验结果的可靠性,澄清的储备液可以根据储存条件,适当保存;体内实验的工作液,建议您现用现配,当天使用; 以下溶剂前显示的百
分比是指该溶剂在您配制终溶液中的体积占比;如在配制过程中出现沉淀、析出现象,可以通过加热和/或超声的方式助溶

  • 1.

    请依序添加每种溶剂: 10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (8.88 mM); Clear solution

    此方案可获得 ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (8.88 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液。

    以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 25.0 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 400 μL PEG300 中,混合均匀;向上述体系中加入50 μL Tween-80,混合均匀;然后继续加入 450 μL生理盐水定容至 1 mL。

    将 0.9 g 氯化钠,完全溶解于 100 mL ddH₂O 中,得到澄清透明的生理盐水溶液
  • 2.

    请依序添加每种溶剂: 10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (8.88 mM); Clear solution

    此方案可获得 ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (8.88 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液。

    以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 25.0 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 900 μL 20% 的 SBE-β-CD 生理盐水水溶液中,混合均匀。

    将 2 g 磺丁基醚 β-环糊精加入 5 mL 生理盐水中,再用生理盐水定容至 10 mL,完全溶解,澄清透明
  • 3.

    请依序添加每种溶剂: 10% DMSO    90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (8.88 mM); Clear solution

    此方案可获得 ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (8.88 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液,此方案不适用于实验周期在半个月以上的实验。

    以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 25.0 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 900 μL玉米油中,混合均匀。

*以上所有助溶剂都可在 MCE 网站选购。
参考文献
Cell Assay
[2]

Conditionally immortalized mouse striatal knock-in cells expressing endogenous levels of wild-type (STHdh7/7) or mHtt (STHdh111/111) are used. Different concentrations of Pridopidine (100, 150, 200 and 300 μM) are tested to investigate the anti-apoptotic effect of the molecule on immortalized cells cultured in serum-free medium at 39°C for six hours. In NE100 experiments, cells are pre-incubated with the compound (10 μM) for 2 hrs before culturing them in apoptotic conditions. At the end of each treatment, cells are collected and incubated with FITC-conjugated Annexin V. Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorting (FACS) analysis is performed[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[1][2]

Rats[1]
Sprague Dawley (SD) male rats (n=6 per group) are treated daily by oral gavage with Pridopidine at a dose of 60 mg/kg or vehicle (water) over the course of 10 days. On day 10, 90 min following last drug/water administration, brains are removed, and quickly rinsed with cold physiological saline. The striatum of the left hemisphere is gently extracted and immediately immerged in 1000 µL of RNAlater Solution in pre-labelled polypropylene vials and stored at 4°C overnight (to allow the solution to thoroughly penetrate the tissue), then moved to -20°C until analysis. RNA is isolated from the striatum of each rat and analysed[1].
Mice[2]
All in vivo experiments are conducted in R6/2 transgenic mice expressing exon 1 of human Htt with approximately 160±10 (CAG) repeats and manifesting first symptoms around week 7, and in wild-type (WT) littermates maintained on the B6CBA strain. Animals are housed singly and maintained under a 12-hr light/dark cycle environment in a clean facility and given free access to food pellets and water. Pridopidine is dissolved in saline (vehicle), and administered daily by intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection at a dose of 5 or 6 mg/kg per bodyweight during the light phase of the circadian rhythm. Control mice (WT and R6/2) are injected daily with the same volume of vehicle. All the mice are singly housed in home cage. Pridopidine (5 mg/kg) is administered to pre-symptomatic mice starting at week 5 to week 11 (6 week duration) and for symptomatic animals starting from week 7 to week 9 (3 weeks duration) and 1 week of daily administration (6 mg/kg) at week 10[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

参考文献

纯度: 99.77%

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HY-10684
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