1. Protein Tyrosine Kinase/RTK
    Autophagy
  2. VEGFR
    c-Kit
    PDGFR
    Autophagy
    FGFR
  3. Pazopanib

Pazopanib (Synonyms: 帕唑帕尼; GW786034)

目录号: HY-10208 纯度: 99.77%
产品使用指南

Pazopanib (GW786034) 是多靶点抑制剂,抑制 VEGFR1VEGFR2VEGFR3PDGFRβc-KitFGFR1c-FmsIC50分别为10,30,47,84,74,140,146 nM。

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Pazopanib Chemical Structure

Pazopanib Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 444731-52-6

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Top Publications Citing Use of Products

    Pazopanib purchased from MCE. Usage Cited in: Cell Physiol Biochem. 2016;38(3):926-38.

    Arithmetic means±SEM (n=16) of erythrocyte annexin-V-binding following incubation for 48 hours to Ringer solution without (white bar) or with (black bars) Pazopanib (10-50 µg/mL).

    查看 PDGFR 亚型特异性产品:

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    • 生物活性

    • 实验参考方法

    • 纯度 & 产品资料

    • 参考文献

    生物活性

    Pazopanib (GW786034) is a novel multi-target inhibitor of VEGFR1, VEGFR2, VEGFR3, PDGFRβ, c-Kit, FGFR1, and c-Fms with IC50s of 10, 30, 47, 84, 74, 140 and 146 nM, respectively.

    IC50 & Target[1]

    VEGFR1

    10 nM (IC50)

    VEGFR2

    30 nM (IC50)

    VEGFR3

    47 nM (IC50)

    PDGFRβ

    84 nM (IC50)

    FGFR1

    140 nM (IC50)

    c-Kit

    74 nM (IC50)

    c-Fms

    146 nM (IC50)

    体外研究
    (In Vitro)

    Pazopanib shows good potency against all the human VEGFR receptors with an IC50 of 10, 30, and 47 nM for VEGFR-1, -2, and -3, respectively. Significant activity is also seen against the closely related tyrosine receptor kinases PDGFRβ, c-Kit, FGF-R1, and c-fms with IC50s of 84, 74, 140, and 146 nM, respectively. In cellular assays, in addition to inhibiting the VEGF-induced proliferation of HUVECs, Pazopanib potently inhibits VEGF-induced phosphorylation of VEGFR-2 in HUVEC cells with an IC50 of ~8 nM. Pazopanib possesses good pharmacokinetics in rat, dog, and monkey with low clearances (1.4-1.7 mL/min/kg) and good oral bioavailabilities (72, 47, 65%) dosed at 10, 1, and 5 mg/kg, respectively. The cytochrome P450 profile is also improved with inhibition >10 μM against the isozymes tested, with the exception of 2C9 (7.9 μM)[1].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    体内研究
    (In Vivo)

    Treatment of mice with 100 mg/kg of Pazopanib twice daily for five days results in significant inhibition in the degree of vascularization. The antiangiogenic activity of Pazopanib is examined in mice bearing established human xenografts (200−250 mm3) using HT29 (colon carcinoma), A375P (melanoma), and HN5 (head and neck carcinoma) tumors following a standard three-week course of therapy. The HN5 and HT29 xenografts responded better at all doses compared to the A375P model, which is historically more resistant to VEGFR-2 inhibitors. As support that the observed inhibition of xenograft growth is working through an antiangiogenic rather than antitumor mechanism, no antiproliferative activity is observed below 10 μM for Pazopanib against these human tumor lines (HT29, HN5, A375P) growing in serum-containing media. No significant effect on the body weight of mice is observed, and the animals appeared healthy and active throughout the study duration[1]. The quantity of adherent leukocytes in the Pazopanib eye drops group is less than untreated diabetic animals and more than the healthy animals. Average leukocytes adhered to the retinal vasculature in healthy animals is 37.2±7.8, whereas diabetic animals have an average value of 102±15.6, approximately 3-fold higher than healthy animals. Animals treated with 0.5 % w/v Pazopanib suspension demonstrate 69.5±9.5 leukocytes adhered in their retinal vasculature, which is found to be significantly lower than diabetic animals[2].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Clinical Trial
    分子量

    437.52

    Formula

    C21H23N7O2S

    CAS 号
    中文名称

    帕唑帕尼

    运输条件

    Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

    储存方式
    Powder -20°C 3 years
    4°C 2 years
    In solvent -80°C 6 months
    -20°C 1 month
    溶解性数据
    In Vitro: 

    DMSO : 62.5 mg/mL (142.85 mM; Need ultrasonic)

    配制储备液
    浓度 溶剂体积 质量 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
    1 mM 2.2856 mL 11.4280 mL 22.8561 mL
    5 mM 0.4571 mL 2.2856 mL 4.5712 mL
    10 mM 0.2286 mL 1.1428 mL 2.2856 mL
    *

    请根据产品在不同溶剂中的溶解度选择合适的溶剂配制储备液;一旦配成溶液,请分装保存,避免反复冻融造成的产品失效
    储备液的保存方式和期限:-80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month。-80°C 储存时,请在 6 个月内使用,-20°C 储存时,请在 1 个月内使用。

    In Vivo:

    请根据您的实验动物和给药方式选择适当的溶解方案。以下溶解方案都请先按照 In Vitro 方式配制澄清的储备液,再依次添加助溶剂:

    ——为保证实验结果的可靠性,澄清的储备液可以根据储存条件,适当保存;体内实验的工作液,建议您现用现配,当天使用; 以下溶剂前显示的百
    分比是指该溶剂在您配制终溶液中的体积占比;如在配制过程中出现沉淀、析出现象,可以通过加热和/或超声的方式助溶

    • 1.

      请依序添加每种溶剂: 10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

      Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (5.71 mM); Clear solution

      此方案可获得 ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (5.71 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液。

      以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 25.0 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 900 μL 20% 的 SBE-β-CD 生理盐水水溶液中,混合均匀。

      将 2 g 磺丁基醚 β-环糊精加入 5 mL 生理盐水中,再用生理盐水定容至 10 mL,完全溶解,澄清透明
    • 2.

      请依序添加每种溶剂: 10% DMSO    90% corn oil

      Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (5.71 mM); Clear solution

      此方案可获得 ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (5.71 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液,此方案不适用于实验周期在半个月以上的实验。

      以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 25.0 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 900 μL玉米油中,混合均匀。

    • 3.

      请依序添加每种溶剂: 5% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    50% saline

      Solubility: ≥ 0.43 mg/mL (0.98 mM); Clear solution

    • 4.

      请依序添加每种溶剂: 5% DMSO    95% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

      Solubility: ≥ 0.43 mg/mL (0.98 mM); Clear solution

    *以上所有助溶剂都可在 MCE 网站选购。
    参考文献
    Kinase Assay
    [1]

    VEGFR enzyme assays for VEGGR1, VEGFR2, and VEGFR3 are run in homogeneous time-resolved fluorescence (HTRF) format in 384-well microtiter plates using a purified, baculovirus-expressed glutathione-S-transferase (GST) fusion protein encoding the catalytic c-terminus of human VEGFR receptor kinases 1, 2, or 3. Reactions are initiated by the addition of 10 μL of activated VEGFR2 kinase solution [final concentration, 1 nM enzyme in 0.1 M 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazineethanesulfonic acid (HEPES), pH 7.5, containing 0.1 mg/mL bovine serum albumin (BSA), 300 μM dithiothreitol (DTT)] to 10 μL substrate solution [final concentration, 360 nM peptide, (biotin-aminohexyl-EEEEYFELVAKKKK-NH2), 75 μM ATP, 10 μM MgCl2], and 1 μL of titrated compound in DMSO. Plates are incubated at room temperature for 60 min, and then the reaction is quenched by the addition of 20 μL of 100 mM ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA). After quenching, 20 μL HTRF reagents (final concentration, 15 nM Streptavidin-linked allophycocyanin, 1 nM Europium-labeled antiphosphotyrosine antibody diluted in 0.1 mg/mL BSA, 0.1 M HEPES, pH 7.5) is added and the plates incubated for a minimum of 10 min. The fluorescence at 665 nM is measured with a Wallac Victor plate reader using a time delay of 50 μs[1].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Cell Assay
    [1]

    The effect of Pazopanib on cell proliferation is measured using 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation method using commercially available kits. HUVEC is seeded in medium containing 5% fetal bovine serum (FBS) in type 1 collagen coated 96-well plates and incubated overnight at 37°C, 5% CO2. The medium is aspirated from the cells, and various concentrations of Pazopanib in serum-free medium are added to each well. After 30 min, either VEGF (10 ng/mL) or bFGF (0.3 ng/mL) is added to the wells. Cells are incubated for an additional 72 h and BrdU (10 μM) is added during the last 18 to 24 h of incubation. At the end of incubation, BrdU incorporation in cells is measured by ELISA. Data are fitted with a curve described by the equation, y=Vmax(1−(x/(K+x))), where K is equal to the IC50[1].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Animal Administration
    [1][2]

    Mice[1]
    Tumors are initiated by injection of tumor cell suspension in 8−12 week old nude mice. When tumors reach a volume of 100−200 mm3, mice are randomized and divided into groups of eight. Pazopanib is administered once or twice daily at 10, 30, or 100 mg/kg. Animals are euthanized by inhalation of CO2 at the completion of the study. Tumor volume is measured twice weekly by calipers, using the equation: tumor volume (mm3)=(length×width2)/2. Results are routinely reported as % inhibition=1−(average growth of the drug treated population/average growth of vehicle treated control population).
    Rats[2]
    Male Brown-Norway (BN; pigmented) rats weighing 200 to 250 g are acclimatized for at least two days prior to any experimental procedure. After overnight fasting for 12-16 h, an intraperitoneal injection of 30 mg/mL solution of Streptozotocin in 10 mM citrate buffer (pH 4.5) is administered (60 mg/kg body weight) to induce diabetes. After 3-4 h of Streptozotocin injection, animals are put on a regular diet and 24 h after Streptozotocin injection, blood sample (5-10 μL) is collected via tail vein. The blood glucose levels in the animals are determined with a glucose monitor. Animals with blood glucose levels greater than 250 mg/dL are considered diabetic. The animals are divided into three groups. Group 1: Healthy (n=12), Group 2: Diabetic (n=12) and Group 3: Diabetic+Treatment (n=12). Treatment is started immediately after diabetes induction. Both eyes are dosed twice daily for 30 days with 0.5 % w/v Pazopanib suspension (10 μL volume in each eye) and animals in all groups are sacrificed on day 31, 16-17 h after last dose on day 30.

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    参考文献

    纯度: 99.77%

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