1. JAK/STAT Signaling
    Protein Tyrosine Kinase/RTK
    Autophagy
  2. EGFR
    Autophagy
  3. Afatinib

Afatinib (Synonyms: 阿法替尼; BIBW 2992)

目录号: HY-10261 纯度: 99.93%
产品使用指南

Afatinib (BIBW 2992) 是不可逆的 EGFR 家族抑制剂,抑制EGFRwt,EGFRL858R,EGFRL858R/T790M 和 HER2的 IC50 分别为0.5 nM,0.4 nM,10 nM 和 14 nM。

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Afatinib Chemical Structure

Afatinib Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 850140-72-6

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     可免费申领三个不同产品的试用装。

3.  试用装只面向终端客户

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10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO ¥770
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10 mg ¥700
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50 mg ¥1900
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100 mg ¥2400
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200 mg ¥3300
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Top Publications Citing Use of Products

MCE 顾客使用本产品发表的 43 篇科研文献

    Afatinib purchased from MCE. Usage Cited in: Oncotarget. 2014 Dec 15;5(23):11971-85.

    H460/MX20 cells are treated with varying concentrations (0–2.0 μM) of Afatinib for 48 h, or with 1.0 μM Afatinib for 24 h, 48 h and 72 h, respectively. ABCG2 protein levels are analyzed by Western blot. GAPDH is used as a loading control.

    Afatinib purchased from MCE. Usage Cited in: Mol Cancer Ther. 2018 Mar;17(3):603-613.

    Immunoblot analysis of U-CH1, MUG-Chor1 and Chor-IN-1 cells treated with Afatinib for 2 h or 48 h. Protein cell extracts are resolved on SDS-PAGE gel and membranes probed with the indicated antibodies. IC50s for each cell line are reported.

    Afatinib purchased from MCE. Usage Cited in: Mol Cancer Ther. 2018 Mar;17(3):603-613.

    Immunoblot analysis of U-CH1 cells treated with the indicated doses of inhibitors (Afatinib, Erlotinib and Lapatinib) for 2 h (upper panel) or 48 h (lower panel). Protein cell extracts are resolved on SDS-PAGE gel and membranes probed with the indicated antibodies. IC50s of the different inhibitors are reported.

    Afatinib purchased from MCE. Usage Cited in: Cancer Sci. 2018 Apr;109(4):1166-1176.

    Influence of Afatinib or Neratinib on human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) and the downsignal pathway in gastric cancer cell lines.
    • 生物活性

    • 实验参考方法

    • 纯度 & 产品资料

    • 参考文献

    生物活性

    Afatinib (BIBW 2992) is an irreversible EGFR family inhibitor with IC50s of 0.5 nM, 0.4 nM, 10 nM and 14 nM for EGFRwt, EGFRL858R, EGFRL858R/T790M and HER2, respectively.

    IC50 & Target[1]

    EGFR

    0.5 nM (IC50)

    HER2

    14 nM (IC50)

    EGFRL858R

    0.4 nM (IC50)

    EGFRL858R/T790M

    10 nM (IC50)

    体外研究
    (In Vitro)

    In cell-free in vitro kinase assays, Afatinib (BIBW2992) dimaleate shows potent activity against wild-type and mutant forms of EGFR and HER2, similar to Gefitinib in potency for L858R EGFR, but about 100-fold more active against the Gefitinib-resistant L858R-T790M EGFR double mutant, with an IC50 of 10 nM. BIBW2992 is furthermore comparable to Lapatinib and Canertinib for in vitro potency against HER2, with an IC50 of 14 nM. The most sensitive kinase in this evaluation is lyn with an IC50 of 736 nM[1]. Afatinib is an irreversible inhibitor of these ErbB family receptors. Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cell lines are sensitive to Afatinib with IC50 concentrations at lower micro-molar range (at 48 hour incubation: HKESC-1=78 nM, HKESC-2=115 nM, KYSE510=3.182 μM, SLMT-1=4.625 μM and EC-1=1.489 μM; and at 72 hour incubation: HKESC-1=2 nM, HKESC-2=2 nM, KYSE510=1.090 μM, SLMT-1=1.161 μM and EC-1=109 nM) with a maximum growth inhibition over 95%. Afatinib can strongly induce G0/G1 cell cycle arrest in HKESC-2 and EC-1 in a dose- and time-dependent manner[2].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    体内研究
    (In Vivo)

    Afatinib (15 mg/kg) strongly inhibits the growth of HKESC-2 tumor once the treatment began. Average tumor sizes of vehicle and treatment at end point are 348±24 mm3 and 108±36 mm3 respectively, showing significantly difference between them. And apparently tumor size does not bounce back in a short period of time after the end of Afatinib administration. Without rapid change of body weight throughout the treatment shows that the toxicity of Afatinib is minimal and this drug is well tolerated[2].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Clinical Trial
    分子量

    485.94

    Formula

    C24H25ClFN5O3

    CAS 号
    中文名称

    阿法替尼

    运输条件

    Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

    储存方式
    Powder -20°C 3 years
    4°C 2 years
    In solvent -80°C 6 months
    -20°C 1 month
    溶解性数据
    In Vitro: 

    DMSO : 100 mg/mL (205.79 mM; Need ultrasonic)

    配制储备液
    浓度 溶剂体积 质量 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
    1 mM 2.0579 mL 10.2893 mL 20.5787 mL
    5 mM 0.4116 mL 2.0579 mL 4.1157 mL
    10 mM 0.2058 mL 1.0289 mL 2.0579 mL
    *

    请根据产品在不同溶剂中的溶解度选择合适的溶剂配制储备液;一旦配成溶液,请分装保存,避免反复冻融造成的产品失效
    储备液的保存方式和期限:-80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month。-80°C 储存时,请在 6 个月内使用,-20°C 储存时,请在 1 个月内使用。

    In Vivo:

    请根据您的实验动物和给药方式选择适当的溶解方案。以下溶解方案都请先按照 In Vitro 方式配制澄清的储备液,再依次添加助溶剂:

    ——为保证实验结果的可靠性,澄清的储备液可以根据储存条件,适当保存;体内实验的工作液,建议您现用现配,当天使用; 以下溶剂前显示的百
    分比是指该溶剂在您配制终溶液中的体积占比;如在配制过程中出现沉淀、析出现象,可以通过加热和/或超声的方式助溶

    • 1.

      请依序添加每种溶剂: 0.5% Methylcellulose/saline water

      Solubility: 5 mg/mL (10.29 mM); Suspended solution; Need ultrasonic

    • 2.

      请依序添加每种溶剂: 10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

      Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (5.14 mM); Clear solution

      此方案可获得 ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (5.14 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液。

      以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 25.0 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 400 μL PEG300 中,混合均匀;向上述体系中加入50 μL Tween-80,混合均匀;然后继续加入 450 μL生理盐水定容至 1 mL。

      将 0.9 g 氯化钠,完全溶解于 100 mL ddH₂O 中,得到澄清透明的生理盐水溶液
    • 3.

      请依序添加每种溶剂: 10% DMSO    90% corn oil

      Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (5.14 mM); Clear solution

      此方案可获得 ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (5.14 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液,此方案不适用于实验周期在半个月以上的实验。

      以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 25.0 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 900 μL玉米油中,混合均匀。

    • 4.

      请依序添加每种溶剂: 5% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    50% saline

      Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (5.14 mM); Clear solution

    *以上所有助溶剂都可在 MCE 网站选购。
    参考文献
    Kinase Assay
    [1]

    The EGFR kinase domain-GST fusion proteins are extracted from Sf9 biomasses, 72 hours post infection, with HEPEX (20 mM HEPES pH 7.4, 100 mM NaCl, 10 mM β-glycerophosphate, 10 mM para-nitro-phenylphosphate, 30 mM NaF, 5 mM EDTA, 5% glycerol, 1% Triton X-100, 1 mM Na3VO4, 0.1% SDS, 0.5 µg/mL pepstatin A, aprotinin 20 KIU/mL, Leupeptin 2 µg/mL, Benzamidine 1 mM, 2.5 μg/mL 3,4-dichloroisocoumarin, 2.5 μg/mL trans-epoxysuccinyl-L-leucyl-L-amido butane and 0.002% PMSF) and used for the determination of the IC50 values. Each 100 µL enzyme reaction contains 10 μL of Afatinib (BIBW2992) in 50 % Me2SO, 20 μL of substrate solution (200 mM HEPES pH 7.4, 50 mM Mg-acetate, 2.5 mg/mL poly (EY), 5 μg/mL bio-pEY) and 20 µL enzyme preparation. The enzymatic reaction is started by addition of 50 µL of a 100 µM ATP solution made in 10 mM MgCl2. Assays are carried out at room temperature for 30 minutes and terminated by the addition of 50 µL of stop solution (250 mM EDTA in 20 mM HEPES pH 7.4). 100 µL are transferred to a streptavidin coated microtiterplate, after an incubation time of 60 min at room temperature the plate is washed with 200 µL of wash solution (50 mM Tris, 0.05% Tween20). A 100 µL aliquot of a HRPO- labeled anti-PY antibody (PY20H Anti-Ptyr:HRP) 250 ng/mL are added to the wells. After 60 min of incubation, the plate is washed three times with a 200 µL wash solution. The samples are then developed with a 100 µL TMB Peroxidase Solution (A:B=1:1). The reaction is stopped after 10 min. The plate is transferred to an ELISA reader and extinction is measured at OD450nm. All data points are performed in triplicates[1].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Cell Assay
    [2]

    Human ESCC cell lines, EC-1, HKESC1 and HKESC2, SLMT1, and KYSE510 are cultured in RPMI with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS). Cytotoxicity is assessed by a colorimetric assay using MTT. Tumour cells are cultured in 48-well plates (3000-8000 cells per well) in respective culture medium. Afatinib in complete medium is added at 24 hr after cell plating and incubated at 37°C with 5% CO2 for 48 and 72 hr. Cell growth inhibition is expressed as the percentage of absorbance of control cultures measured at 570 nm with a microplate reader and 50% of the maximum growth inhibition (IC50) is calculated by GraphPad PRISM. In each experiment, triplicate wells are performed for each drug concentration (n=3), and assay is repeated in three independent experiments[2].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Animal Administration
    [2]

    Mice[2]
    Six weeks old female athymic nude mice (nu/nu) weighing about 16-20 gram are used. ESCC xenografts are established by inoculating HKESC-2 (6×104 cells re-suspended in 50 μL of HBSS-buffer) subcutaneously into both flanks of the nude mice. When tumor size reached to 4-6 mm diameter, they are randomized in either treatment (15 mg/kg) or vehicle control group. Afatinib for treatment is prepared by dissolving in 0.5% methylcellulose before administration. Either drug or vehicle is administered to mouse by oral gavage in a schedule of 5 days on plus 2 days off for two weeks. Drug efficacy is evaluated by monitoring the change in tumor size with caliper. Tumor volume is calculated with the formula Tumor Volume=(width2×length)/2.

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    参考文献

    纯度: 99.93%

    • 摩尔计算器

    • 稀释计算器

    The molarity calculator equation

    Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

    质量   浓度   体积   分子量 *
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    The dilution calculator equation

    Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

    This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

    浓度 (start) × 体积 (start) = 浓度 (final) × 体积 (final)
    × = ×
    C1   V1   C2   V2

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